Terminal handling of cargo

Terminal handling of cargo at border crossings

Submission of documents from border station for VAT refund

The Firm Rail Service Ltd. offers a new service – we are ready to represent the interests of your company at the customs office on the border of the Russian Federation for the confirmation of cargo crossing the border of the Russian Federation in export traffic. This confirmation is necessary for the exporter to prove the correct application of 0 percent tax rate of VAT and excises in cases specified by articles 164 and 183 part two of the Tax code of the Russian Federation.

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Transshipment

Railway transportations outside the CIS countries usually require transshipment of cargo to the other wagon at the border station.

The Firm Rail Service Ltd. offers a full complex of forwarding services in terminal cargo handling (transshipment, re-issue of transport documents) at the following border stations:

1. Brest, Bruzgi, Lososna

2. Chopsko-Batevsky traffic centre, Vadul-Siret

3. Ungena, Rennie

4. Zabaykalsk, Grodekovo, Hassan

5. Sarakhs, Serkhetabad

6. Dryzhba

Change of track gauge 
Change of transport law
Payment
for terminal handling

Information from border stations

There are regional representatives at stations Chop (Ukraine), Brest (Belarus), Serakhs (Turkmenistan), Ungeny (Moldova), Chita (Russia), Buslovskaya (Russia) and others to control movement of RailService freight across the borders. They work in the framework of properly concluded agreements.

 

 

 

             Submission of documents from border station for VAT refund

The Firm Rail Service Ltd. offers a new service – we are ready to represent the interests of your company at the customs office on the border of the Russian Federation for the confirmation of cargo crossing the border of the Russian Federation in export traffic. This confirmation is necessary for the exporter to prove the correct application of 0 percent tax rate of VAT and excises in cases specified by articles 164 and 183 part two of the Tax code of the Russian Federation.


The following documents are required:

 

1.       A copy of the customs declaration with the original stamp of the customs authority that carried out clearance of goods for export;*

2.       Copy of consignment note;*

3.       Application to the Customs at the border;

4.       Power of attorney for the representative of our company;

The cost of services is specified in Annex 1 to the freight forwarding contract of transport expedition for the following railway border crossings:

 

·         Station Samur (Exp.) - c / p ZhDPP Derbent of Derbent customs;

·         Station Aksaraysky II (Exp.) – c / p Aksaraysky of the Astrakhan customs;

·         Station Tobol (Exp.) – c / p Kartalinsky of Magnitogorsk customs;

·         Station Lokot’ (Exp.) – c / p Rubtsovsky of Altai customs;

·         Station Topoly (Exp.) – c / p Valuysky of the Belgorod customs;

·         Station Buslovskaya (Exp.) - c / p ZhDPP Lyzhajka of the Vyborg customs;

·         Station Kulunda (Exp.) - c / p Kulundinsky of the Altai customs;

·         Station Nikeltau (Exp.) - c / p ZhDPP Orsk of Orsk customs

The cost of providing documents from other border crossings, and discounts for more than ten customs declarations per month as well, are discussed separately.

If this issue is to be resolved repidly, the correspondence will be sent by Express mail DHL at the customer's expense.

For all questions please contact the Manager supervising your company.



*    Copies of customs declarations and accompanying documents submitted to the customs authorities for confirmation of actual export of goods, shall be signed by the head of the applicant organization or other authorized person, and shall be also certified with the seal of the organization.

 

·         Details

TRANSSHIPMENT

Difference in track gauge.

The first railways on the territory of the former USSR have been constructed with design standards other than in Europe. Track gauge is one of the standards.

Nowadays the rail networks with different track gauge are in operation:

- broad gauge - 1520 mm.
Laid in CIS, Baltia states, Finland and Mongolia. The broad gauge is used also at borders with said countries.
The track gauge 1520 mm was laid in South Poland, on the LHS network (Linia Hutniczo-Siarkova - The Metallurgy and Sulphur Line). Earlier the line was used to carry imported Polish sulphur and metal, and for export ore traffic.

- normal gauge - 1435 mm.
Laid in Europe (except of Spain) and Asia (except of Vietnam). There are a few normal gauge tracks in CIS connecting border stations with domestic lines of that gauge.
For example, Brest - Vysoko-Litovsk, Kaliningrad - Mamonovo, Grodno - Kuznitsa, Sheshtokai - Suvalky, Chop - Korolevo, Rakhov - Berlebash.
The "combined" lines with normal track laid inside of the broad one are often used in the border regions.

There are known three basic ways to move freight through the border between countries with different track gauge:

1. Transshipment.
The most frequently used. Freight is simply reloaded from the railcar to the other one of different track gauge. As an alternative, it is used often reloading from the road vehicles to the broad gauge railcars.
2. Change of wheelsets
This technology is adopted for transportation of hazardous, liquid, oversize and other freight required care handling.
In this way, the railcars are delivered for loading (unloading) to the European Consignor (Consignee) after changing wheelsets for normal gauge. This technology is suitable only for the European standard railcars with marks MC-1 or MC-0 on the sidewall. This standard includes a clearance of the railcar and several design parameters such as coupling devices, brake line connections, change of trucks and so on. If the car (or a group of cars) does not meet the requirements completely, it has to be protected from the ends with special cars equipped according to the European standard from one end and to our standard from the other.


3. Extending wheelsets
This technology is practically experimental and not used in revenue traffic.

Applying of different transport laws.

International rail traffic is subjected to a few basic agreements.

- CIM COTIF.
Members of COTIF are the most part of the European countries, Ukraine, North Africa, Turkey and Iran.

- SMGS.
In SMGS participate CIS and Baltic countries, Albania, Bulgaria, Vietnam, Iran, China, Mongolia, Poland, North Korea.

- bilateral agreements with Finland, Austria, Afghanistan, Germany etc.


According to this, transport documents for the freight en route have to be re-issued in a certain moment. This procedure is usually combined with change of a transport mean at the border station.
It should be noted that the liability for freight loss and damage is a matter of great importance during the procedure of applying different transport laws.


It became customary therefore that a trade contract usually specifies the point of freight delivery and transfer of risks to be the same for Transshipment and applying different transport laws.


Charges for terminal service

Who will pay for terminal handling? The freight owner always asks it when concluding trade contract specifying point of delivery as the border station at which the wheelsets to be changed.
According to article 15 of SMGS, the accepting party will absorb cost of this service. In practice, both parties can carry out terminal handling but in most cases, the accepting party is responsible for. 
The Forwarder should be always asked for an advice because of a few exceptions to the rule.

For example:

- the Consignor shall pay basic charges when the railcar of broad gauge is delivered for loading to Europe;
-
 the Consignor shall pay basic charges when export cargo is transported to Iran via Serakhs or to Afghanistan via Serkhetabad (Kushka).

Overall dimensions of the CIS railcars slightly differ from that in Europe. Consequently, the problem can arise of "non-divisible" Transshipment. That is a part of freight cannot be placed into the car during reloading.

According to article 5 of CIS Tariff Policy (TP) and MPS telegram N CFTOGT-10/9 dd. 16.01.01:

1. Tariff charges are applied at the rate for a weight class corresponded to a total weight of all carloads if entire freight from two or more railcars placed into single car without remains (article 5.2, CIS TP).
2. Tariff charges are applied at the rate for a weight class corresponded to a total weight of load indicated in the original waybill if cargo from a single car placed into several ones (article 5.1, CIS TP).
3. Tariff charges are not applied to the transportation of the freight remained upon completion of reloading and included to the additional car list.

Information from border stations:

There are regional representatives at stations Chop (Ukraine), Brest (Belarus), Serakhs (Turkmenistan), Ungeny (Moldova), Chita (Russia), Buslovskaya (Russia) and others to control movement of RailService freight across the borders. They work in the framework of properly concluded agreements.

The representatives inform us daily via e-mail on the railcars crossed the border to both directions.
From Brest border station, due to large volume of traffic, we receive information 4 times a day, 7 days a week via Internet. Additionally, we have information from Brest on the railcars passed custom declaration.
Files containing this information are immediately loaded to the RailService database. Our operators can read these files thus realizing real time monitoring of freight movement in CIS and solving problems arising out.

 

Яндекс.Метрика